行政院農業委員會-水產試驗所全球資訊網

  • Font Size:S
  • Font Size:M
  • Font Size:L
  • 藍
  • 綠
  • 橙
  • 紫
  • 漁電共生
  • FaceBook
  • 農業創新育成中心
  • YouTube
  • Flickr
  • 觀賞魚網站
  • 水產陳列館
  • 水產食譜

水產研究(1993年創刊)

  • 書籤: facebook  plurk  funp  twitter 
  • 點閱: 1549
  • 日期: 2019-07-19
水產研究(1993年創刊)-台灣小琉球舢舨漁船漁獲魚類的時空分布特性
主題: 台灣小琉球舢舨漁船漁獲魚類的時空分布特性
摘要(中):
台灣小琉球的沿近海漁業資源對其漁業和觀光業等主要產業發展極為重要,過去研究缺乏沿岸漁民活動型態與經濟魚類相調查,缺少充足的沿近海漁業資源永續利用的基礎資料。因此,本研究以小型舢舨漁船 2 年實際作業的調查,解析當地舢舨漁船之作業型態與經濟性漁獲魚種之地理分布。結果顯示,舢舨漁船之從業漁民通常以一支釣漁法於小琉球東部與東北部海域作業,漁獲物以鰺科 (30.8%) 最多,主漁期為 11 ~ 2 月,分布在東至東北海區;其次為帶魚科 (19.8%),主漁期為7 ~ 9月,分布於東南海區;鯖科 (10.5%) 主漁期為 11 ~ 12月,分布於西南、南海區;鱰科 (10%) 主漁期 6 ~ 7 月,分布於東南海區,及西北至東北海區;鶴鱵科 (9.9%) 全年皆可漁獲,分布於西至西北海區沿岸帶。漁民依季節不同有特定目標魚種。潛水鏢刺漁法則以單棘魨科、臭肚魚科、刺尾鯛科及蝴蝶魚科等色彩較鮮艷的熱帶珊瑚礁魚種為主。本研究成果,可提供漁政機關或漁民團體對當地漁業資源利用的時空分布資訊,尋找合適作業漁場,降低耗油成本,以及保育與復育海洋資源的參考依據。
出版日期: 2013/6/30
標題title(英): The Spatial-temporal Distribution of Harvested Species of the Sampan Fishery in the Coastal Waters of Liuqiu
作者: 楊清閔‧賴繼昌‧許明樹‧黃星翰‧吳龍靜
卷別: 21
期別: 1
頁碼: 1-12
作者 auther(英): Ching-Min Yang, Chi-Chang Lai, Ming-Shu Hsu, Hsing-Han Huang and Long-Jing Wu
摘要abstract(英): Coastal fishery resources are very important to the major industries in Liuqiu, including fishing and tourism. Previous studies are lacking in terms of surveys relating to coastal fishermen activity patterns and economic fish species and thus lack relevant underlying data regarding the sustainable use of coastal and offshore fishery resources. Therefore, by conducting a survey regarding the operations of small sampans over the last two years, this study analyzed the operational patterns and geographic distribution of economic fish species of local sampan fisheries. The results suggested that fishermen from sampan fisheries usually operate in the eastern and northeastern coastal waters of Liuqiu and employ the angling fishing method. The main catch consisted of fish from the Carangidae family (30.8%), withthe major fishing period occurring from November to February in the east to northeastern waters. This was followed by fish from the Trichiuridae family (19.8%), with the major fishing period occurring from July to September in the southeastern waters. Fish from the Scombridae family accounted for 10.5% of the catch, with the major fishing period occurring from November to December in southwestern and southern waters. Fish from the Coryphaenidae family accounted for 10%, with the major fishing period occurring from June to July in the southeastern, northwestern, and northeastern waters. Finally, fish from the Belonidae family accounted for 9.9% and could be caught year round in the west to northwestern coastal waters. Fishermen have specific target fish species in different seasons. The diving dart fishing method is used to catch more vibrantly colored tropical reef fish species, including fish from the Monacanthidae, Siganidae, Acanthuridae and Chaetodontidae families. The findings of this study can provide a reference to fishery authorities or fishermen groups regarding the spatial-temporal distribution information of local fishery resources in locating appropriate fishing grounds and reducing fuel costs, as well as conservation and restoration of marine resources.
使用語言: 中文
相關檔案下載 (ODF或PDF): 下載